Fisheries sector record all time high production and Export as Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana turns two years old

Tags: Government Schemes

The flagship central government scheme, Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMSSY), focused on sustainable development of the fisheries sector in the country completed 2 years on 10 September 2022.

To commemorate the day, the Union Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, held an event in New Delhi with Parshottam Rupala, Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry as Chief Guest.


Achievement of the Fisheries sector :

  • The Ministry released the achievement of the scheme on the occasion. 
  • The fish production in the country reached an all-time high of Fish production reaching 161.87 lakh tons (provisional) during 2021-22 as compared to 141.64 lakh tons during 2019-20.
  • The growth rate of the sector from 2019-20 to 2021-22 was 14.3%.
  • The export reached an all-time high of 13.64 lakh tonnes valuing Rs 57,587 crores (USD 7.76 billion) dominated by exports of shrimps. 
  • India exports fish to 123 countries in the world and it is the 4th largest exporter of fish in the world.

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMSSY) :

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) on 10th September 2020 digitally.
  • The main motto of PMMSY is ‘Reform, Perform and Transform’ in the fisheries sector.
  • PMMSY is designed to address critical gaps in fish production and productivity, quality, technology, post-harvest infrastructure and management, modernization and strengthening of value chain, traceability, establishing a robust fisheries management framework and fishers’ welfare.

Duration of the scheme :

  • It is a five year scheme from 2020-21 to 2024-25. It is being implemented in all the States and Union Territories.

PMMSY aims at :

  • enhancing fish production by an additional 70 lakh tonne by 2024-25, increasing fisheries export earnings to Rs.1,00,000 crore by 2024-25,
  •  doubling of incomes of fishers and fish farmers,
  •  reducing post-harvest losses from 20-25% to about 10% and 
  • Generation of additional 55 lakhs direct and indirect gainful employment opportunities in fisheries sector and allied activities.


Budget allocation :

  • The government has allocated Rs 20,500 crores for a period of 5 years (2020-21 to 2024-25).

Points to remember :

  • According to the United Nation Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), in 2020, India was the 4th largest fish producing country in the world. 
  • China was the largest producer followed by Indonesia and Peru.
  • India was the 2nd second largest producer of fish in the world through aquaculture.
  • The term aquaculture broadly refers to the cultivation of aquatic organisms like fish, plants, algae and other organisms in controlled aquatic environments for any commercial, recreational or public purpose. 
  • Andhra Pradesh is the largest fish producing state in India.
  • Blue revolution: It refers to the increase in the production of aquaculture.
  • National Fish Farmer’s Day is celebrated on 10th July every year.

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