Inauguration of Global Drug Policy Index


Why in the news?

The inaugural Global Drug Policy Index was released by the Harm Reduction Consortium.


  • It is a data-driven global analysis of drug policies and their implementation.
  • It is composed of 75 indicators running across five broad dimensions of drug policy: 
  1. Criminal justice
  2. Extreme responses,
  3. Health and harm reduction
  4.  Access to internationally controlled medicines
  5.  Development.
  • It is a project of the Harm Reduction Consortium.

 The partners are included in this Index:

    • The European Network of People Who Use Drugs (EuroNPUD).
    • The Eurasian Harm Reduction Association (EHRA).
    • The Eurasian Network of People who Use Drugs (ENPUD)
    • The Global Drug Policy Observatory (GDPO).
    • The International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC),
    • The West African Drug Policy Network (WADPN).The Women and Harm Reduction International Network (WHRIN).


Key points:

  • Norway, New Zealand, Portugal, the UK and Australia as the five leading countries on humane and health-driven drug policies.
  • The five lowest-ranking countries are Brazil, Uganda, Indonesia, Kenya, and Mexico.

India rankings:

  • India’s rank is 18 out of 30 countries.
  • India has an overall score of 46/100.
  •  On the criteria of use of extreme sentencing and responses, it has a score of 63/100,
  • On health and harm reduction, 49/100.
  • On proportionality of criminal justice response, 38/100.On availability and access of internationally controlled substances for the relief of pain and suffering, 33 /100.

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