India will surpass China as the most populous country on earth in 2023: UN

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According to a report by the United Nations released on 11 July India will surpass China as the most populous country on earth in 2023.

  • Important facts

  • The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the Population Division has said that the global population is projected to reach eight billion on November 15, 2022.

  • As per a UN report, the world's population is growing at its slowest pace since 1950. It has fallen under 1% in 2020.

  • According to the United Nations the world’s population could grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030 and 9.7 billion in 2050.

  • This year's World Population Day, July 11, marks a milestone, when the birth of the eight billionth person on Earth is expected.

  • More than half of the projected growth in global population by 2050 will be concentrated in just eight countries of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.

  • India’s population in 2022

  • According to the report, India's population is 1.412 billion in 2022 as compared to China's 1.426 billion.

  • India, which will overtake China as the world's most populous country by 2023, is projected to have 1.668 billion people in 2050, far ahead of China's 1.317 billion people by the middle of the century.

  • World’s most populous regions in 2022

  • The world's two most populous regions in 2022 were East and South-East Asia, with 2.3 billion people, representing 29% of the global population.

  • Central and Southern Asia, with 2.1 billion, account for 26% of the world's population in 2022.

  • With a population of over 1.4 billion in 2022, China and India account for the largest populations in these regions.

  • Outflow of more than 1 million migrants

  • It is estimated that ten countries experienced a net outflow of more than 1 million migrants between 2010 and 2021.

  • In many of these countries, these outflows were due to temporary workers leaving their country.

  • Pakistan (net outflow of -16.5 million during 2010-2021), India (-3.5 million), Bangladesh (-2.9 million), Nepal (-1.6 million) and Sri Lanka (-1 million).

  • Projections of Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)

  • Alternative long-term population estimates have also been made by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME).

  • In its recent projections, IHME projected that the global population will reach 8.8 billion in 2100.

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