India’s first Multidimensional Poverty Index(MPI) released


  • NITI AYOG has released India's first Multidimensional Poverty Index.
  • The report is based on the reference period of the national family health survey(NFHS-4) 2015-16.
  • MPI uses the globally accepted and robust methodology developed by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Highest poverty in states:

  •  Bihar:  51.91 percent
  • Jharkhand: 42.16 percent
  • Uttar Pradesh: 37.79 percent
  •  Madhya Pradesh: 36.65 percent
  • Meghalaya: 32.67 percent

Lowest poverty in states:

  • Kerala: 0.71 percent. 
  • Goa: 3.76 percent. 
  • Sikkim:  3.82 percent.
  • Tamil Nadu: 4.89 percent.
  •  Punjab: 5.59 percent

Parameters used:

  • The NMPI is calculated using 12 indicators — nutrition, child and adolescent mortality, antenatal care, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water, electricity, housing, assets and bank account,
  • They have been grouped under three dimensions namely, health, education and standard of living.

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