India’s first Multidimensional Poverty Index(MPI) released
- NITI AYOG has released India's first Multidimensional Poverty Index.
- The report is based on the reference period of the national family health survey(NFHS-4) 2015-16.
- MPI uses the globally accepted and robust methodology developed by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Highest poverty in states:
- Bihar: 51.91 percent
- Jharkhand: 42.16 percent
- Uttar Pradesh: 37.79 percent
- Madhya Pradesh: 36.65 percent
- Meghalaya: 32.67 percent
Lowest poverty in states:
- Kerala: 0.71 percent.
- Goa: 3.76 percent.
- Sikkim: 3.82 percent.
- Tamil Nadu: 4.89 percent.
- Punjab: 5.59 percent
- The NMPI is calculated using 12 indicators — nutrition, child and adolescent mortality, antenatal care, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water, electricity, housing, assets and bank account,
- They have been grouped under three dimensions namely, health, education and standard of living.
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