World Tiger Day

Tags: Important Days

International Tiger Day is celebrated every year on 29 July to raise awareness about the declining tiger population and efforts to conserve them.

Important facts

  • Its goal is to promote a global system for protecting tiger habitats and to increase public awareness and support for tiger conservation issues.

  • The first World Tiger Day was celebrated in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia, in which a total of 13 countries with a tiger zone set a global target of doubling the population of wild tigers by 2022.

Significance of International Tiger Day

  • According to the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), there were approximately 100,000 tigers at the beginning of the 20th century.

  • In the year 2010, it was observed that this number has come down considerably to 3,200.

  • Therefore, International Tiger Day plays an important role in creating and spreading awareness for the conservation of tigers.

About Tiger

  • Scientific name of the tiger is "Panthera tigris".

  • It is the national animal of India.

  • Union - Chordata

  • Its age is about 19 years.

  • Tiger is the largest species of cat in the whole world.

  • The Siberian tiger is the largest tiger in the world.

  • The tiger found in Sumatra (an island of Indonesia) is the smallest tiger in the world.

Tiger population in India

  • According to the 2018 All India Tiger Estimation Report, the tiger population in India is 2967.

  • 70% of the world's tigers are found in India.

  • Madhya Pradesh has the largest number of tigers.

  • After that live in Karnataka and Uttarakhand.

Tiger conservation projects in india

Project Tiger

  • Project Tiger was started by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in the year 1973.

  • Under this program, central assistance is provided to the states having tiger populations for conservation of tigers.

  • At the time of the launch of Project Tiger in the year 1973, there were only 9 Tiger Reserves in the country, at present the total number of Tiger Reserves in the country has increased to 50.

National Tiger Conservation Authority

  • The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is a statutory body constituted under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

  • It was established in the year 2005 following the recommendations of the Tiger Task Force.

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